Yusheng / Lo Hei

Celebrating Chinese New Year is really awesome! I like it sooooo much! And this “auspicious salad” is great!

The Yusheng, also known as Lo Hei, is a Teochew-style raw fish salad. The main ingredients are raw fish, most commonly salmon, shredded vegetables (white radish, carrots, sun-dried oranges,…) and a variety of sauces (plum sauce, rice vinegar,…) and condiments (shrimp-crackers, sesame seeds, peanuts,…). The base ingredients are first served, then all the others are added, one after the other while saying various auspicious wishes. Everybody at the table stands up and proceeds to toss the shredded ingredients into the air with the chopsticks.
People believe that the height of the toss reflects good fortune in the new year – so everybody should toss enthusiastically!

Meaning of the ingredients:
*) Wan Shi Ru Yi meaning “May all your wishes be fulfilled” – the raw fish is added, symbolising abundance and excess through the year
*) Nian Nian You Yu meaning “Abundance through the year” – the pomelo or lime is added to the fish, adding luck and auspicious value
*) Da Ji Da Li meaning “Good luck and smooth sailing” – pepper is then dashed over in the hope of attracting more money and valuables
*) Zhao Cai Jin Bao meaning “Attract wealth and treasures” Then oil is poured out, circling the ingredients and encouraging money to flow in from all directions
*) Yi Ben Wan Li meaning “Make 10,000 times of profit with your capital”
*) Cai Yuan Guang Jin meaning “Numerous sources of wealth” Carrots are added indicating blessings of good luck
*) Hong Yun Dang Tou meaning “Good luck is approaching”. Carrot is used as the first character and also sounds like the Chinese character for red, then the shredded green radish is placed symbolising eternal youth
*) Qing Chun Chang Zhu meaning “Forever young”. Green radish is used as the first character and also sounds like the Chinese character for green. After which the shredded white radish is added – prosperity in business and promotion at work
*) Feng Sheng Shui Qi meaning “Progress at a fast pace”
*) Bu Bu Gao Sheng meaning “Reaching higher level with each step” – the condiments are finally added, first, peanut crumbs are dusted on the dish symbolising a household filled with gold and silver
*) Jin Yin Man Wu meaning “Household filled with gold and silver” Sesame seeds quickly follow symbolising a flourishing business
*) Sheng Yi Xing Long meaning “Prosperity for the business” – deep-fried flour crisps in the shape of golden pillows is then added with wishes that literally the whole floor would be filled with gold
*) Man Di Huang Jin meaning “Floor full of gold”

References: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yusheng


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